The Scope of Psycholinguistics Studies
Psycholinguistics is a branch of study which combines the disciplines of psychology and linguistics. It is concerned with the relationship between the human mind and the language as it examines the processes that occur in brain while producing and perceiving both written and spoken discourse. What is more, it is interested in the ways of storing lexical items and syntactic rules in mind, as well as the processes of memory involved in perception and interpretation of texts. Also, the processes of speaking and listening are analyzed, along with language acquisition and language disorders.
Generally, Psycholinguistics, covers three main points (Clark & Clark, 1977; Tanenhaus, 1989):
1. Comprehension: How people understand spoken and written language
Imitation in language acquisition occurs when children imitate language patterns and vocabulary of those significant to them.
B.FSkinner proposed mechanisms of conditioning or habituation to the child's speech is heard and to be associated with objects or events that occur. Therefore the initial vocabulary is owned by the child is a noun.
c. Social cognition
Children gain an understanding of words (semantics) because he understood the purpose of one's cognition to produce a phoneme through a mechanism of joint attention.
2. Speech production: How people produce language
Speech production is the process by which spoken words are selected to be produced, have their phonetics formulated and then finally are articulated by the motor system in the vocal apparatus. Speech production can be spontaneous such as when a person creates the words of a conversation, reaction such as when they name a picture or read aloud a written word, or a vocal imitation such as in speech repetition.
3. Language Acquisition: How people learn language
Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words to communicate.
The Significance of Psycholinguistics for Language Teaching and Learning
Learning the language is so that students should not only master the language as a mere stand-alone systems, to arrive at what is called the level of mastery of language skills to manipulate it.
Communication training should be given as early as possible, if necessary in conjunction with the exercise of language to make a correct sentence
Psycholinguistics is the detailed study of the psychology of language. It helps to study the psychological and neurobiological factors That make it possible to assimilate and apply the languages we identify with.
Learning a language takes the cooperation of various parties to realize a concrete outcome that may be far less the consideration of psycholinguistics as a science that teaches how to use the language in actual communication.
Psycholinguistics as a field of science that focuses on the application of the actual language and communication should be realized. Obviously with the support of various parties, because in learning a foreign language should be given the assumption that learning a foreign language is easy. And we have to do is to apply various methods and approaches that allow students to easily understand it. One that we can not deny that language is a form of habit.